With Lawmaker’s Killing, U.K. Confronts a New Episode of Terrorism

LONDON — Prime Minister Boris Johnson and different British leaders paid their respects on Saturday morning at a church east of London the place a Conservative lawmaker was fatally stabbed a day earlier, because the nation grappled with one other obvious episode of lone-wolf terrorism.

A somber Mr. Johnson — joined by the opposition chief, Keir Starmer, and different officers — laid flowers outdoors the Methodist church in Leigh-on-Sea, a sleepy seaside group that was convulsed on Friday when the lawmaker, David Amess, was assaulted throughout a routine assembly with constituents.

The police arrested a 25-year-old man on the scene and mentioned they have been conducting searches at two areas within the London space. The Metropolitan Police formally declared the attack a terrorist episode, with a potential hyperlink to Islamist extremism, however they haven’t but recognized the person, who they mentioned they believed acted alone. The BBC, citing authorities sources, reported that he was a British national who gave the impression to be of Somali heritage.

The brutal assault, at noon and in full view of the general public, has surprised the British political institution and fanned questions concerning the safety of members of Parliament. Lawmakers frequently meet their constituents, unprotected, to listen to their considerations and grievances in periods — generally known as surgeries — that may at occasions grow to be heated.

An assault outdoors such a session in 2016 killed Jo Cox, a Labour member of Parliament. Another, in 2010, left Stephen Timms, additionally a Labour lawmaker, severely wounded after he was stabbed within the stomach.

The stabbing of Mr. Amess has additionally rekindled recollections of different assaults by radicalized people, most not too long ago in February 2020, when a 20-year-old man with a historical past of extremism was shot and killed by the police after stabbing two pedestrians in South London.

That man, Sudesh Amman, had simply been launched midway into a three-year sentence on expenses of distributing extremist materials and possessing materials that might be helpful for making ready a terrorist assault. He was being tailed by undercover police, who interrupted the daylight assault on a busy road.

In November 2019, the police shot and killed Usman Khan, 28, on London Bridge after he set off on a frenzied stabbing spree, killing two individuals and wounding three. Mr. Khan, the British-born son of Pakistani immigrants, had earlier been convicted of being half of a group that plotted to bomb London’s inventory alternate.

In April, the Johnson authorities tightened terrorism legal guidelines, mandating that these convicted of critical acts of terrorism serve a minimal of 14 years in jail, beneath stricter supervision. Some authorized critics argue that prolonging jail phrases solely serve to radicalize offenders even additional.

As Scotland Yard scrambled for solutions on Saturday, public officers paid tribute to Mr. Amess’s lengthy document of authorities service.

Commissioner Roger Hirst of the Essex Police, which has jurisdiction over Leigh-on-Sea, mentioned in a assertion that it was “a somber moment of reflection to remember a man who worked so hard for his community, who served those he represented passionately and made a real difference for Southend.”

“As we try and come to terms with these tragic events, it is important we remember the man he was and contribution he made,” Commissioner Hirst mentioned.

On the city’s usually tranquil streets, the sudden spasm of violence had not but absolutely sunk in. On Saturday morning, the police canvassed residents close to the church, in search of witnesses. Chaplains consoled a regular stream of individuals who visited the world the place Mr. Amess was killed.

Alan Dear, 76, a native councilor, spoke tearfully of the lawmaker, who he mentioned had helped him in his personal marketing campaign for native workplace.

“He was just a fantastic person, very kind, loving, gentle man,” Mr. Dear mentioned. “He spent his whole life — 40 years looking after people. All he really wanted was to solve people’s problems.”

More than simply an assault on a buddy, Mr. Dear mentioned the stabbing had struck at one of the pillars of political life in Britain.

“It was an attack on David, but it was also an attack on democracy in this country,” he mentioned. “It’s very important that we keep in contact with our constituents.”

Mr. Dear mentioned lawmakers must be supplied higher protections, however not on the value of these connections with voters. Either method, the assault kicked off an pressing debate over whether or not present measures are insufficient.

One Conservative lawmaker, Tobias Ellwood, known as for face-to-face conferences to be suspended quickly till a overview of safety was full. Another, Michael Fabricant, mentioned it will be safer for members of Parliament to satisfy constituents by appointment “rather than publicizing in advance a venue and its location with anyone being able to walk in off the street.”

Harriet Harman, a long-serving Labour member of Parliament, instructed the BBC that she would urge Mr. Johnson to help a particular cross-party inquiry to analyze methods to enhance safety for lawmakers.

Stuart Andrew, the deputy chief whip within the House of Commons, mentioned that whereas the occasions of the previous day had made him really feel “anxious, naturally,” he was decided to not let that deter him and would maintain his open constituency assembly on Saturday in honor of Mr. Amess.

The residence secretary, Priti Patel, requested the police to overview safety and to contact every lawmaker. Speaking close to the scene of the assault, Ms. Patel mentioned that “we cannot be cowed by any individual or any motivation or people with motives to stop us from functioning to serve our elected democracy.”

Friends of Mr. Amess mentioned he was identified for his passionate campaigning on behalf of animal rights, in addition to for his social conservatism. He supported a ban on fox searching, a place that put him at odds with some fellow Conservatives, and sponsored laws outlawing the merciless tethering of horses.

Mr. Amess was additionally a vocal supporter of the Iranian opposition group Mujahedeen Khalq, or M.E.Okay., which campaigns for the overthrow of Iran’s authorities. The group has attracted a bipartisan checklist of American backers, together with John R. Bolton, who served as a nationwide safety adviser to President Donald J. Trump, and Howard Dean, a onetime chairman of the Democratic Party.

There was no proof linking the assault to Mr. Amess’s help for the M.E.Okay. Though the group was as soon as designated as a terrorist group by the United States, Britain and the European Union, all three eliminated that designation a number of years in the past.

David Jones, a Conservative member of Parliament and a chief of the British Committee for Iran Freedom, which backs the M.E.Okay., hailed Mr. Amess as “a champion of human rights and democracy in Iran for more than three decades.”

For residents of Leigh-on-Sea, the senselessness of the assault was troublesome to grasp, not to mention settle for.

“I just want to know, why?” mentioned Audrey Martin, 66, who was shopping for groceries as Mr. Johnson and the opposite leaders arrived to put flowers. “Why has he done it and why has he chosen to come to Leigh-on-Sea?”

Fidelia McGhee, 48, who lives close to the positioning of the assault, mentioned that Mr. Amess had at all times championed native causes. While she described herself as a longtime Labour voter, she praised him as a type, dedicated politician. She known as the assault “the stuff of nightmares” that would depart an indelible mark in town.

“It is quite tragic,” she mentioned. “I think we’ve lost something we will never get back.”

Mark Landler and Stephen Castle reported from London, and Megan Specia from Leigh-on-Sea, England.

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