Who Is Roman Protasevich, the Captive Journalist in Belarus?

It has all of the parts of a Jason Bourne plot: A business flight carrying a dissident journalist is intercepted by a MiG-29 fighter jet beneath orders from the strongman president of Belarus.

This protagonist could be very a lot actual. His title is Roman Protasevich, and on Sunday, he drew worldwide consideration as a result of the Belarusian authorities and its authoritarian chief went to extraordinary lengths to stop him.

Mr. Protasevich, 26, was touring by business airline from Athens to Vilnius, Lithuania, when the Belarusian air power scrambled a fighter jet. The flight, on the Irish airline Ryanair, was diverted to Minsk, the capital of Belarus, the place the millennial opposition determine was taken into custody.

The extensively condemned tactic was the newest try by Aleksandr G. Lukashenko, the nation’s authoritarian chief, to suppress the influential voice of Mr. Protasevich.

There are few remaining sources of impartial information in Belarus, the place most media shops had been pressured to close down after widespread protests over a disputed presidential election in 2020.

Mr. Protasevich is a co-founder and a former editor of the NEXTA channel on the social media platform Telegram, which has change into a preferred conduit for Mr. Lukashenko’s foes to share data and manage demonstrations in opposition to the authorities.

He fled the nation in 2019, fearing arrest. But he has continued to roil Mr. Lukashenko’s regime whereas residing in exile in Lithuania, a lot in order that he was charged in November with inciting public dysfunction and social hatred.

As a teen, Mr. Protasevich turned a dissident, first drawing scrutiny from regulation enforcement. He was expelled from a prestigious faculty for taking part in a protest rally in 2011 and later was expelled from the journalism program of the Minsk State University.

Mr. Protasevich was returning to Vilnius from an financial convention in Greece with the Belarusian opposition chief Svetlana Tikhanovskaya, Greek officers mentioned.

The flight, which had been carrying some 170 passengers, ought to have taken about three hours. As it approached the border between Belarus and Lithuania, a MiG-29 fighter jet was scrambled to intercept it.

Mr. Lukashenko, who’s sometimes called “Europe’s last dictator,” personally ordered the fighter jet to escort the Ryanair airplane to the Minsk airport after a bomb risk, his press service mentioned. According to the assertion, Mr. Lukashenko, an ally of President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia, gave an “unequivocal order” to “make the plane do a U-turn and land.”

No bomb was discovered on board, the nation’s regulation enforcement authorities mentioned.

Antony J. Blinken, the U.S. secretary of state, sharply criticized the authorities of Belarus on Twitter on Sunday for its detention of Mr. Protasevich. He referred to as it a “brazen and shocking act to divert a commercial flight and arrest a journalist.”

“We demand an international investigation and are coordinating with our partners on next steps,” Mr. Blinken mentioned. “The United States stands with the people of Belarus.”

The authorities’s fundamental safety company in Belarus, referred to as the Ok.G.B., positioned Mr. Protasevich’s title on an inventory of terrorists. If he’s accused and convicted of terrorism, he may face the loss of life penalty.

The fees of inciting public dysfunction and social hatred carry a punishment of greater than 12 years in jail.

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