Mr. Macron launched into a nationwide debate to fathom the causes of the revolt, and on April 25, 2019, introduced for the primary time that his alma mater could be eradicated. It was a robust symbolic gesture, but it surely met opposition and two years glided by with none follow-up. ENA, it appeared, would survive in any case.

Earlier this 12 months, throughout a go to to Nantes, the president introduced a program referred to as “Talents” designed to be certain that, when it comes to elite colleges for senior public service positions, “no kid from our republic ever says that this is not for me.”

Among the measures introduced then was the designation of a number of spots a 12 months at ENA for college students from underprivileged backgrounds, notably the dismal initiatives on the outskirts of massive cities the place many Muslim immigrants are concentrated. Thursday’s assertion made clear this program would proceed on the new institute.

Mr. Macron has made the modernization of the French state a precedence, pushing to eradicate extreme paperwork and create a extra environment friendly, performance-based public service. It is a piece in progress.

The president has been criticized for focusing his vitality on attracting voters to the precise of the political spectrum in a bid to head off a problem from the rightist chief Marine Le Pen. In that context, honoring a choice initially taken in response to the Yellow Vest motion and meant to promote social mobility and better variety in senior state posts appeared necessary.

“Among the vital problems in France, there is one that you are aware of every day: It’s the complete fracture between the base of society — people who work, who are retired, who are unemployed, young people, students — and the supposed elite,” Francois Bayrou, a political ally of Macron, advised France Inter radio.



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