Hissène Habré, Ex-President of Chad Who Was Convicted of War Crimes, Dead at 79

Hissène Habré, the previous president of Chad, has died whereas serving a life sentence for crimes in opposition to humanity, together with killings, torture and intercourse crimes, throughout his rule within the 1980s. He was 79.

Mr. Habré’s dying was introduced on Tuesday by the Justice Ministry in Senegal, the West African nation during which he was convicted, in accordance with information businesses. The former president’s spouse additionally confirmed his dying to information media in Senegal, a number of of which reported that he had died after being contaminated with the coronavirus.

Mr. Habré was allowed out of jail for 60 days in April as a result of a choose mentioned he was significantly susceptible to the coronavirus. His spouse had lengthy petitioned the Senegalese authorities to launch him on well being grounds.

When Mr. Habré was convicted in 2016, he turned the primary former head of state to be convicted of crimes in opposition to humanity by one other nation’s courts. His victims celebrated their hard-won victory within the Dakar courtroom, having fought for justice for many years. But 5 years later, the victims are nonetheless ready for the compensation they have been awarded.

“Habré will go down in history as one of the world’s most pitiless dictators, a man who slaughtered his own people to seize and maintain power, who burned down entire villages, sent women to serve as sexual slaves for his troops and built clandestine dungeons to inflict medieval torture on his enemies,” mentioned Reed Brody, who has labored with Hissène Habré’s victims for over 20 years.

A Chadian reality fee discovered that Mr. Habré’s authorities killed greater than 40,000 folks believed to be enemies of the state, together with those that merely had come below suspicion, throughout his rule from 1982 to 1990.

Mr. Habré took energy throughout a coup with assist from the United States, and he obtained weapons and help from France, Israel and the United States to maintain Libya, Chad’s northern neighbor, at bay.

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