SYDNEY, Australia — In October, Thea-Mai Baumann, an Australian artist and technologist, discovered herself sitting on prime web actual property.

In 2012, she had began an Instagram account with the deal with @metaverse, a reputation she utilized in her artistic work. On the account, she documented her life in Brisbane, the place she studied wonderful artwork, and her travels to Shanghai, the place she constructed an augmented actuality firm referred to as Metaverse Makeovers.

She had fewer than 1,000 followers when Facebook, the mother or father firm of Instagram, introduced on Oct. 28 that it was changing its name. Henceforth, Facebook could be referred to as Meta, a mirrored image of its give attention to the metaverse, a digital world it sees as the way forward for the web.

In the times earlier than, as phrase leaked out, Ms. Baumann started receiving messages from strangers providing to purchase her Instagram deal with. “You are now a millionaire,” one particular person wrote on her account. Another warned: “fb isn’t gonna buy it, they’re gonna take it.”

On Nov. 2, precisely that occurred.

Early that morning, when she tried to log in to Instagram, she discovered that the account had been disabled. A message on the display screen learn: “Your account has been blocked for pretending to be someone else.”

Whom, she puzzled, was she now supposedly impersonating after 9 years? She tried to confirm her id with Instagram, however weeks handed with no response, she mentioned. She talked to an mental property lawyer however may afford solely a evaluation of Instagram’s phrases of service.

“This account is a decade of my life and work. I didn’t want my contribution to the metaverse to be wiped from the internet,” she mentioned. “That happens to women in tech, to women of color in tech, all the time,” added Ms. Baumann, who has Vietnamese heritage.

She began Metaverse Makeovers in 2012. When a cellphone working her app was held above one of many intricate real-world fingernail designs created by her workforce, the picture on the display screen would present holograms “popping” from the nails. This was earlier than Pokémon Go, earlier than Snapchat and Instagram filters grew to become a part of on a regular basis life.

She noticed the potential to scale the know-how to clothes, equipment and past, however her funding cash ran out in 2017, and he or she returned to the artwork world.

In the meantime, Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook’s chief govt, was investing closely in his personal futuristic imaginative and prescient of the metaverse — what he referred to as “an embodied internet where you’re in the experience, not just looking at it.”

“The metaverse,” Mr. Zuckerberg mentioned in saying his firm’s new title, “will not be created by one company.” Instead, he mentioned, it should welcome a spread of creators and builders making “interoperable” choices.

Cory Doctorow, a tech blogger and activist, mentioned this professed openness got here with huge caveats.

“He built Facebook by creating a platform where other businesses meet their customers,” Mr. Doctorow mentioned, “but where Facebook structures the overall market, reserving to itself the right to destroy those businesses through carelessness, malice or incompetence.”

That huge energy, ruled by opaque insurance policies and algorithms, extends to the corporate’s management over particular person person accounts.

“Facebook has essentially unfettered discretion to appropriate people’s Instagram user names,” mentioned Rebecca Giblin, director of the Intellectual Property Research Institute of Australia on the University of Melbourne. “There can be good reasons for that — for example, if they’re offensive or impersonating someone in a way that causes confusion.”

“But the @metaverse example highlights the breadth of this power,” she mentioned, including that below Facebook’s insurance policies, customers “essentially have no rights.”

On Dec. 2, a month after Ms. Baumann first appealed to Instagram to revive her account, The New York Times contacted Meta to ask why it had been shut down. An Instagram spokesman mentioned that the account had been “incorrectly removed for impersonation” and could be restored. “We’re sorry this error occurred,” he wrote.

Two days later, the account was again on-line.

The spokesman didn’t clarify why it had been flagged for impersonation, or who it might need been impersonating. The firm didn’t reply to additional questions on whether or not the blocking had been linked to Facebook’s rebranding.

Now that her account has been resurrected, Ms. Baumann plans to fold the saga into an artwork challenge she began final yr, Pst_Lyfe, which is about demise within the metaverse. She’s additionally contemplating what she will be able to do to assist be sure that the metaverse turns into the inclusive place she mentioned she had tried to assist construct.

“Because I have been working in the metaverse space for so long, 10 years, I just feel worried,” she mentioned. She fears, she added, that its tradition might be “corrupted by the kind of Silicon Valley tech bros who I feel lack vision and integrity.”

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