He Led Hitler’s Secret Police in Austria. Then He Spied for the West.

The Nazi leaders constructing that drive wanted skilled law enforcement officials, stated Michael Holzmann, the son of an Austrian Nazi who has for a few years been researching the actions of the Gestapo in that nation. “Huber seized this opportunity and turned from a little investigator into a most successful leader of the Gestapo terror regime in former Austria,” he stated.

In March 1938, after Germany annexed Austria, Huber was made the Gestapo chief of the most vital a part of the nation, together with Vienna, the capital. Shortly after, the Gestapo started an intensive hunt for dissidents in Austria, and Huber gave orders “to arrest immediately undesirable, particularly criminally motivated Jews and transfer them to the concentration camp Dachau.” A couple of days later, the first two transports of Jews left Vienna for the camp, with many extra to comply with.

Huber remained in his submit till the finish of the struggle, being given an increasing number of personnel and authority. During that point, 70,000 Austrian Jews who weren’t capable of go away the nation had been murdered, near 40 % of the unique neighborhood, whereas their property was looted by the Nazis.

Eichmann confirmed at his trial that he was concerned in the deportation of Jews however refused to plead responsible to genocide, saying, “I did not have any other option than to follow the orders I got.”

Huber took a special method. Speaking to an official of the Nuremberg struggle crimes tribunal in 1948 — who interviewed him as a witness, not a suspect — he stated he had recognized nothing about the extermination till the finish of 1944, when his deputy instructed him one thing obscure.

“But the historical evidence paints a completely different picture,” says Prof. Moshe Zimmerman, a historian and Holocaust scholar at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. “Eichmann may have been a face more familiar to the Jewish community, but the one who shared responsibility for carrying out the terror against the Jews, their collection, their forced boarding on the trains and their deportation to the camps, was the police and the Gestapo under Huber.”

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