Felix Hall, a Soldier Lynched at Fort Benning, Is Remembered After 80 Years


Felix Hall joined the Army in 1940, simply because the United States was rising from the Great Depression and on the verge of deploying thousands and thousands of troops to combat in World War II.

Private Hall, a Black teenager from Alabama, was stationed at Fort Benning, a segregated base simply throughout the state line in Georgia. But as an alternative of combating abroad, he misplaced his life on American soil. He was hanged at Fort Benning in February 1941, when he was 19.

This month — greater than eight many years after Private Hall’s loss of life — a plaque at Fort Benning was devoted in his reminiscence. But main particulars about his loss of life stay unclear. Officials have been accused of failing to totally examine what occurred, and nobody was ever charged.

“The sad thing to me is that this was 80 years ago, but things like that are still happening today,” mentioned Nancy Cooks, Private Hall’s first cousin, who was a child when he died.

Representative Sanford D. Bishop Jr., a Georgia Democrat, mentioned efforts to erect the plaque started final yr amid widespread protests against racism after the police killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis. Mr. Bishop mentioned that he and a former workers member, Lauren Hughes, dug into what occurred to Private Hall after a constituent requested about it. They finally labored with Army officers to unveil the marker at Fort Benning in a ceremony on Aug. 3.

“It is important that more people know about Pvt. Hall, and that his lynching was investigated by the F.B.I.,” Mr. Bishop mentioned in a assertion. “But the perpetrators were never brought to justice.”

There was one other new improvement this month — new, at least, to fashionable researchers, who had seen grotesque pictures of Private Hall’s physique however by no means his face. A neighborhood historian who had been within the case for years revisited outdated information clippings and located a {photograph} of the younger soldier in a 1941 newspaper.

The historian, Dave Gillarm Jr., had looked for pictures of the personal in army paperwork and newspapers that had been printed throughout his life. But simply hours after the ceremony at Fort Benning, it occurred to him that information retailers would have been much more prone to publish pictures of Private Hall after he was discovered useless in March 1941.

“When he was lynched, it became national news,” Mr. Gillarm mentioned. “So I had to shift and start looking for him after he died.”

He discovered what he was on the lookout for in a web based database. The third web page of an 80-year-old subject of The Pittsburgh Courier, a nationally circulated Black newspaper, carried a black-and-white {photograph} of a younger man in his Army cap and tie, trying into the digicam.

“His Death a Mystery,” the headline mentioned.

Credit…The Pittsburgh Courier, through Dave Gillarm Jr.

According to research compiled by the Civil Rights and Restorative Justice Project at Northeastern University School of Law, the personal was final seen alive in a white neighborhood at Fort Benning on Feb. 12, 1941. Then he appeared to vanish for weeks — F.B.I. information counsel that Army officers didn’t search for him — and was declared a deserter.

But on March 28, 1941, some troopers discovered his physique in a wooded space, tied to a sapling and hanging in opposition to the sting of a ravine. A pile of soil beneath his sneakers advised that in his remaining moments, Private Hall had been attempting to make use of his ft to claw his manner up, to breathe.

Although the loss of life certificates mentioned he died of murder, some army officers claimed that he may need taken his personal life. F.B.I. studies concerning the investigation, a lot of that are nonetheless considerably redacted, counsel that some avenues of inquiry within the case weren’t pursued — together with investigations into potential suspects — regardless of strain from journalists, civilians and the N.A.A.C.P.

One F.B.I. agent wrote in 1941 that the dangerous publicity surrounding the case had been attributable to “the misstatement of facts by the Communists.”

As just lately as this month, the F.B.I. declined a request beneath the Freedom of Information Act to evaluation and raise redactions all through the studies, responding that the information in query “do not qualify for reprocessing.”

Questions concerning the loss of life have continued for 80 years, prompting the analysis at Northeastern, a 2016 investigation by The Washington Post and different coverage in multiple information outlets.

Private Hall was a member of the 24th Infantry, a regiment of Black Army troopers who’ve additionally been known as Buffalo troopers.

The 24th — or “deuce-four,” as it’s generally known as — was shaped after the Civil War, as have been different Black regiments just like the ninth and 10th Calvaries that have been deployed alongside the Western frontier of the United States.

The 24th regiment additionally served within the West. But its legacy suffered after an outbreak of violence on the eve of United States involvement in World War I, when about 150 troopers, reacting to racism, segregation and police violence in Houston, participated in an uprising there that resulted within the deaths of civilians, cops and troopers from the 24th. Some members of the regiment have been later executed.

In later years, troopers of the 24th regiment would serve within the South Pacific throughout World War II, together with Guadalcanal and Bougainville within the Solomon Islands and the Kerama Islands close to Okinawa. They additionally fought in a number of main Korean War battles, together with Inchon and the Pusan Perimeter. The 24th was dissolved in 1951 however reconstituted in 1995, now not a Black regiment.

“The deuce-four — regardless of all the hard stuff they went through — they accomplished something that’s just remarkable in my eyes,” mentioned Darrel Nash, the historian for the regiment.

For Mr. Gillarm, a historian for a Masonic lodge in Georgia and an Army veteran, researching the loss of life of Private Hall and different lynchings from that period has been a manner to deal with post-traumatic stress after two deployments to Iraq.

“This is my outlet: research,” he mentioned. “It helps clear my mind, to research and to be able to present these stories that have been forgotten about.”

Now, his work has given a face to Felix Hall’s identify. Though she has no reminiscence of him from when he was alive, Ms. Cooks, his cousin, mentioned the image introduced tears to her eyes. She may see that he was household — his eyes and nostril reminded her of her personal brothers.

“They don’t know who killed him,” she added. “That’s the sad part.”



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