Untrained residents are looking for traces of bamboo on final 12 months’s ballots, seemingly making an attempt to show a conspiracy principle that the election was tainted by pretend votes from Asia. Thousands of ballots are left unattended and unsecured. People with open partisan bias, together with a person who was photographed on the Capitol steps in the course of the Jan. 6 riot, are doing the recounting.

All of these points with the Republican-backed re-examination of the November election outcomes from Arizona’s most populous county have been laid out this week by Katie Hobbs, Arizona’s Democratic secretary of state, in a scathing six-page letter.

Ms. Hobbs known as the method “a significant departure from standard best practices.”

“Though conspiracy theorists are undoubtedly cheering on these types of inspections — and perhaps providing financial support because of their use — they do little other than further marginalize the professionalism and intent of this ‘audit,’” she wrote to Ken Bennett, a former Republican secretary of state and the liaison between Republicans within the State Senate and the corporate conducting it.

The effort has no official standing and won’t change the state’s vote, no matter it finds. But it has develop into so troubled that the Department of Justice additionally expressed issues this week in a letter saying that it would violate federal legal guidelines.

“We have a concern that Maricopa County election records, which are required by federal law to be retained and preserved, are no longer under the ultimate control of elections officials, are not being adequately safeguarded by contractors, and are at risk of damage or loss,” wrote Pamela Karlan, the principal deputy assistant legal professional common with the Justice Department’s Civil Rights Division.

The scene taking part in out in Arizona is maybe essentially the most off-the-rails episode within the Republican Party’s escalating effort to help former President Donald J. Trump’s lie that he received the election. Four months after Congress licensed the outcomes of the presidential election, native officers across the nation are persevering with to supply oxygen for Mr. Trump’s obsession that he beat Joseph R. Biden Jr. final fall.

In Arizona, the evaluate is proving to be each bit as problematic as skeptics had imagined.

Last month, the Arizona Republic editorial board called for the state’s G.O.P. Senate majority to cease “abusing its authority.”

“Republicans in the Arizona Legislature have set aside dollars, hired consultants, procured the hardware and software to conduct what they call ‘an audit’ of the 2020 presidential election in Maricopa County,” the editorial stated. “What they don’t have is the moral authority to make it credible.”

Republican state senators ordered a evaluate of the election in Maricopa County, whose 2.1 million ballots accounted for two-thirds of the complete vote statewide, in December, after some supporters of Mr. Trump refused to simply accept his 10,457-vote loss in Arizona. Democrats had flipped the county, giving Mr. Biden greater than sufficient votes to make sure his victory statewide.

The senators later assigned oversight of the trouble to a Florida-based firm, Cyber Ninjas, whose chief government had publicly embraced conspiracy theories claiming that voting machines had been rigged to ship the state to Mr. Biden. Since then, supporters of Mr. Trump’s stolen-election story line have been given broad entry to the location of the evaluate, whereas election specialists, the press and unbiased observers have struggled to achieve entry, generally resorting to going to courtroom.

In one much-noted occasion, Anthony Kern, a former state consultant photographed on the Capitol steps on the day of the revolt — and who was on the Maricopa poll each as a legislative candidate and as a presidential elector — was employed to assist recount ballots.

Among different issues, Ms. Hobbs’s letter contended that stacks of ballots weren’t correctly protected and that there was no obvious process for stopping the commingling of tallied and untallied ballots.

The safety violations noticed by observers, the letter said, included ballots left unattended on tables and ballots counted utilizing scrap paper as a substitute of official tally sheets. Counters obtain “on the fly” coaching. Ballots from separate stacks are blended collectively. Software issues trigger poll photos to get misplaced.

The letter additionally famous that some features of the method “appear better suited for chasing conspiracy theories than as a part of a professional audit.”

For occasion, some ballots are receiving microscope and ultraviolet-light examinations, apparently to handle unfounded claims that fraudulent ballots contained watermarks that have been seen beneath UV gentle — or that hundreds of fraudulent ballots have been flown in from Southeast Asia utilizing paper with bamboo fibers.

John Brakey, an official serving to supervise the trouble, stated high-powered microscopes have been getting used to seek for proof of pretend ballots, in accordance to a video interview with the CBS News affiliate in Phoenix.

“There’s accusations that 40,000 ballots were flown in, to Arizona, and it was stuffed into the box,” he stated in a taped interview. “And it came from the southeast part of the world, Asia, OK. And what they’re doing is to find out if there’s bamboo in the paper.”

“I don’t believe any of that,” he added. “I’m just saying it’s part of the mystery that we want to un-gaslight people about.”

Republicans within the Senate signed a contract agreeing to pay $150,000 for the vote evaluate, a determine that many stated then wouldn’t cowl its value. A spread of outdoors teams later launched fund-raisers to offset further bills, together with the right-wing One America News cable channel and an Arizona state consultant, Mark Finchem, who argues the election was stolen. How a lot in outdoors donations has been collected — and who the donors are — is unclear.

The letter from the secretary of state additionally stated that tools and software program getting used to show photos of ballots had not been examined by a federal laboratory or licensed by the federal Election Assistance Commission, as state regulation requires. That left open the likelihood, the letter stated, that the programs may have been preloaded with false photos of ballots or that the software program had been designed to control poll photos — issues related to people who believers in a stolen election had themselves raised.

Ms. Hobbs additionally stated the procedures for checking the accuracy of the trouble included no “reliable process for ensuring consistency and resolving discrepancies” among the many three separate counts of ballots.

It additionally appeared that the duty of coming into recount outcomes into an digital spreadsheet was carried out by a single individual moderately than a crew of individuals from each political events, the letter said.

Mr. Bennett, the liaison between Republicans within the State Senate and the corporate conducting the vote evaluate, didn’t instantly reply to a request for remark.

But Ms. Hobbs concluded her letter to him by saying, “you know that our elections are governed by a complex framework of laws and procedures designed to ensure accuracy, security, and transparency. You also must therefore know that the procedures governing this audit ensure none of those things.

“I’m not sure what compelled you to oversee this audit, but I’d like to assume you took this role with the best of intentions. It is those intentions I appeal to now: either do it right, or don’t do it at all.”

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